There are many different types of repeater systems that are
used today. We have made it easier for you by listing them below:
||This is the most common type of
system. Anyone that is licensed, may use the repeater. No retrictions
||This system is usually found with
groups or is not in full operation. No one may use it unless
given permission by the owner.
||Radio signals are routed through
a PC circuit that receives the signal, records it (usually 30
second max) and re-transmits the signal with the same or higher
power output. Signal uses the same frequency (462.xxx). These
units are mostly used during small events or camping.
||Most common to many duplex repeater
systems. The receiving signal of the repeater is on 467.xxx,
and the transmitting signal is on 462.xxx. This allows the user
to talk directly to another user without delay, and provides
accurate communications across a wide area.
||Continuous Tone-Controlled Squelch
System. Most common for amateur and GMRS systems. Uses a subaudible
analog tone between 67.0 and 250.3 hz. This allows the repeater
to transmit a signal on the same frequency as another, without
interferring with each others signals. A repeater can use the
same tone for both TX and RX, or different tones to keep communication
parties organized (same common output tone).
||Digital Tone Coded Squelch System.
This is used with digital tones instead of analog tones, and
is common with higher-end radio systems. It is also less common
with older systems, but gives the same privacy as when using
CTCSS. -- Also known as DCSS or DCS.
||Private Line/Digital Private Line.
This type of controlled tone is the same as CTCSS/DTCSS. This
term is used mostly by Motorola, and also with bubble-pack radios
for the Family Radio Service (FRS).
As with all radio communications, even though a repeater system
may have sub-tones, and are closed or open, everything you say
on the air is public and can be heard by anyone. It is not private,
like with land or cellular phones.
GMRS repeaters are allowed a maximum TPO (transmitting power
output) of 50 watts, cannot use auto-patches (radio-to-phone),
and may only use voice and morse code when ID'ing on a repeater.
10-codes for communications may be used, but other codes (ie:
Q-codes, 3-digit codes, etc.) are not allowed per FCC Part 95
Rules. For more information about repeaters and repeater systems,
click here or on the BARN Repeater Guide
link in the menu to your left.